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'NghuhdJ xUNghJk; jkpo; kf;fis mbikg;gLj;jptplhJ": tpLjiyg; Gypfs;
Date&Written by:(23.02.2007- Sankiliyan)

'gaq;futhjj;jpw;F vjpuhd Nghnudf; $wpf;nfhz;L> jw;NghJ rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; Kd;ndLj;JtUk; NghuhdJ xUNghJk; jkpo; kf;fis mbikg;gLj;jptplhJ. ,j;Jld;> ,e;j Kidg;Gf;fs; ,yq;ifj; jPtpdJ ,dg;gpur;rpidf;F xU ePjpahd jPu;itAk; xUNghJk; Vw;gLj;jptplhJ." vd;W Nghu; epWj;j xg;ge;jj;jpd; Ie;jhtJ Mz;L epiwit Kd;dpl;L jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; ntspapl;Ls; mwpf;ifapy; njuptpj;Js;sdu;.

me;j mwpf;ifapd; KO tpguk;:

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jkpoPo Njrpaj; jiytu; NtYg;gps;is gpughfuDk; mg;Nghija rpwpyq;fhg; gpujku; uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fTk; Nghu; epWj;j xg;ge;jj;jpy; ifr;rhj;jpl;L Ie;J tUlq;fs; fle;Jtpl;ld.

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rpwpyq;fh murhq;fj;jpw;Fk; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; GypfSf;FkpilapYs;s giltYr; rkepiyapid Nghu; epWj;j xg;ge;jkhdJ mq;fPfupj;Js;sJld;> mJ gil tYr; rkepiyapd; mbg;gilapNyNa cUthf;fg;gl;lJ.

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jug;gpdUf;fpilNa giltYr; rkepiy fhzg;glhjikapdhYk;> ru;tNjr <LghL ,y;yhjikapdhYk; Kd;du; ,lk;ngw;w midj;Jg; Ngr;Rf;fSk; Njhy;tpapy; Kbe;jNjhL> rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; vl;lg;gl;l midj;J xg;ge;jq;fisAk; xUjiyg;gl;rkhf Kwpj;Jf;nfhz;lJ. ,jdhy; jkpo; kf;fs; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; kpfTk; tQ;rfj;jdkhf Vkhw;wg;gl;ldu;.

,t;thwhf mikjp Kaw;rpfs; Njhw;Wg;Nghd frg;ghd tuyhw;iw mbg;gilahff; nfhz;Nl 2002 ,y; Nghu; epWj;j xg;ge;jk; cUthdJ. ,k;Kiw> Nehu;NtapdJ mDruizAk;> ru;tNjr r%fj;jpd; jPtpukhd MjuTk;> gq;fspg;Gk; jkpo; kf;fSf;F mikjp Kaw;rpfspy; Kjw;jlitahf ek;gpf;ifiaAk; cw;rhfj;ijAk; Vw;gLj;jpaJ.

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jiuapYk; thdpYk; flypYnkd rpwpyq;fhtpdJ Kg;gilfSk; Nkw;nfhz;LtUk; fLikahd Mj;jpu%l;ly; eltbf;iffspd; kj;jpapYk; jkpoPo tpLjiyg;Gypfs; Nghjpa nghWik fhj;J te;Js;sdu;.

,f;fhyg; gFjpapy; ehk; vkJ gy Nghuhspfis ,oe;Js;Nshk;. rpwpyq;fh ,uhZtk; Mf;fpukpj;J epw;Fk; jkpou; jhafg; gFjpfspy; jkpo; kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gLfpwhu;fs;> ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu;fs; kw;Wk; jkpo; Gj;jp[Ptpfs; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gLfpwhu;fs; kw;Wk; ngUe;njhifahd jkpou;fs; fhzhkw;Nghfpwhu;fs;.

Mdhy;> mbg;gil cz;ikfs; ,t;thwpUf;fpd;w NghJk;> ru;tNjr r%fNkh ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpd; kPJ ve;j tifahd eltbf;iffisAk; vLf;fhJ ePjpaw;w tifapy; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; GypfSf;Fj; jz;lid toq;Fk; tifapyikAk; nraw;ghLfis Kd;ndLj;J tUfpwJ.

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mj;Jld; rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; kpfTk; fLikahd Kiwapy; Nghu;epWj;j cld;gbf;ifia kPWfpd;w NghJk; ngUk; kdpj cupik kPwy;fis Nkw;nfhs;Sk; NghJk; ru;tNjr r%fkhdJ ePjpapd;ghy; epd;W nraw;gl;L> mtw;iwj; jLj;JepWj;j jFe;j eltbf;iffis vLf;fhJNghdhy;> mJ jkpou; jhafg; gFjpapy; xu; Nghu;r;R+oy; Vw;gLtjw;Nf toptFf;Fk;.

ru;tNjrj;jpdJ gq;Fgw;wYld; ,lk;ngw;w rkhjhd Kd;ndLg;Gf;fSk; jw;NghJ Njhy;tpapy; Kbtile;Js;sik jkpo; kf;fisr; rpdq;nfhs;s itj;Js;sJ. Nghu; epWj;j xg;ge;jKk; ru;tNjr mDruizAld; Kd;ndLf;fg;gl;l rkhjhd Kd;ndLg;Gf;fSk;> Vida xg;ge;jq;fisg; NghyTk; Ngr;Rf;fisg;NghyTk; jw;NghJ Njhy;tpaile;jpUg;gJjhd; jkpo; kf;fSf;Ff; frg;ghd Vkhw;wj;jpid Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ.

,t;thwhdNjhu; Gwepiyapy;jhd; jkpou; Njrj;jpy; ,ay;Gepiyapid Vw;gLj;Jk; tifapy;> Nghu; epWj;j cld;gbf;ifapid KOikahf Vw;Wf;nfhz;L mjid KOikahf mKy;gLj;j Ntz;bajd; mtrpaj;ij jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; kPz;Lk; kPz;Lk; typAWj;jp te;jhu;fs;.

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Ngாu; epWj;j cld;gbf;ifahdJ rpwpyq;fh murhq;fj;Jf;Fk; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; GypfSf;Fk; ,ilapy; gifikia KbTf;F nfhz;Lte;J Nghupdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l jkpou; jhafj;jpy; ,ay;Gepiyia Vw;gLj;jp Ngr;RfSf;fhd cfe;j Gwepiyiaj; Njhw;Wtpg;gijNa Nehf;fkhff; nfhz;bUe;jJ.

%d;W jrhg;jq;fshfj; njhlu;e;j Nkhrkhd Nghupd; fhuzkhf jkpo; kf;fs; vjpu;nfhs;Sk; ngUk; kdpjNea neUf;fbfSf;Fj; jPu;Tfhz;gij midj;J Rw;W mikjpg; Ngr;RfspYk; ehk; njhlu;r;rpahf typAWj;jp te;Njhk;.

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rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; Nghu; epWj;j xg;ge;jj;jpid KOikahf eilKiwg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk;> jkpou; jhafj;jpy; kdpjhgpkhdg; gpur;rpidfisj; jPu;g;gjw;Nfw;g jug;gpdUld; ,ize;J eltbf;iffis Kd;ndLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;Wk; ehq;fs; typAWj;jpNdhk;.

jkpo; kf;fspd; tho;f;ifj; juj;jpid Nkk;gLj;JtJk;> jug;gpdu; kj;jpapy; ek;gpf;ifiaAk; ey;nyz;zj;ijAk; fl;bnaOg;GtJk;> murpay; gpur;rpidfs; njhlu;ghd Ngr;Rf;fSf;F Kd;du; Nkw;nfhs;sg;glNtz;Lk; vdr; Rl;bf;fhl;lg;gl;lJ.

vt;thwpUg;gpDk; ,tw;iw kjpj;J elg;gjw;Fj; jtwpa ,yq;if murhq;fk;> epyikapid NkYk; Nkhrkhf;Fk; tifapy; nraw;gl;lJ.

Nghu; epWj;j xg;ge;jj;jpd; gpufhuk;> jkpou; jhafg; gFjpfspy; ,ay;Gepiyapid cUthf;Ftjw;Fj; Njitahd eltbf;ifapid ,uz;L jug;gpdUk; Kd;ndLf;f Ntz;Lk;. Nghu; epWj;j xg;ge;jj;jpd; %yk; mJ Vw;Wf;nfhz;l flg;ghLfisg; Gwe;js;sp> rpwpyq;fh murhq;fkhdJ> ru;tNjr kdpjhgpkhd kw;Wk; kdpj cupikr; rl;lq;fis kPwp> nghJkf;fs; thoplq;fis ,d;dKk; Mf;fpukpj;Jepw;fpwJ.

Xt;nthU fl;lg; Ngr;Rf;fspd;NghJk;> jkpou; jhafg; gFjpapy; ,ay;Gepiy Vw;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;bajd; mtrpaj;jpid typAWj;jpNdhk;. ,J njhlu;gpy; jdf;Fs;s flg;ghLfisg; Gwe;js;spa ,yq;if murhq;fk; fhyq; flj;Jk; eltbf;iffspy; <Lgl;lJ. mNjNeuk; kf;fspd; tho;epiyapy; Kd;Ndw;wk; Vw;gltpy;iy. khwhf mtu;fspd; epyik Nkhrkhfpr; nrd;wJ.

epyikia NkYk; Nkhrkhf;Fk; tifapy; murhq;fk; jhd; kjpj;Jr; nraw;glNtz;ba flg;ghLila xg;ge;j tpjpfis kPwp> Jiz ,uhZtf; FOf;fspd; cjtpAld; kpfTk; Nkhrkhd kdpj cupik kPwy; nraw;ghLfspy; <Lgl;L tUfpwJ.

rpwpyq;fh murhq;fkhdJ midj;Jj; Jiz ,uhZtf; FOf;fspdJ MAjq;fis Fwpg;gplnjhU fhy tiuaiwf;Fs; fise;Jtpl Ntz;Lnkd xg;ge;jtpjp 1.8 $WfpwJ. Nkhjy;fs; ,lk;ngWk; gFjpfspy; Jiz ,uhZtf; FOf;fspd; ,Ug;gpid rpwpyq;fh Nghu; epWj;jf; fz;fhzpg;Gf; FOtpdJ mtjhdpg;Gfs; cWjpg;gLj;JtNjhL 2006 Mk; Mz;L ntspaplg;gl;l mnkupf;f mur jpizf;fs mwpf;ifAk; ,e;j cz;ikapid Vw;Wf;nfhs;fpwJ.

rpwpyq;fhtpw;Fj; jfty; jpul;Lk; xU eltbf;ifahf tp[ak; Nkw;nfhz;bUe;j I.eh rpwg;Gj; J}Jtu; rpwpyq;fh ,uhZtKk; Jiz ,uhZtf;FOf;fSk; ,ize;J Ml;flj;jy;fs; kw;Wk; rpWtu; Ml;Nru;gpy; <LgLtij njspthfr; Rl;bf;fhl;bAs;shu;.

2002 njhlf;fk; 2006 tiuahd fhyg;gFjpapy; Nehu;Nt murhq;fj;jpd; mDruizAld; rpwpyq;fh murhq;fj;Jldhd Ngr;Rf;fspy; ehq;fs; vl;LKiw gq;nfLj;Js;Nshk;. jkpou; jhafj;jpy; mtru kdpjNea neUf;fbfSf;F Kfq;nfhLg;gjw;F gy gpNuuizfSk; fl;likg;GfSk; Muk;g fl;lg; Ngr;Rfspd; NghJ cUthf;fg;gl;ld.

,t;thwhf Kd;itf;fg;gl;l epu;thff; fl;likg;Gf;fs; kw;Wk; cld;ghLfs; KOikahf eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gl;bUf;Fkhf ,Ue;jhy; mJ jkpou;fsJ tho;epiyapid NghJkhdsT Nkk;gLj;jpapUf;Fk;. ,tw;wpy; rpy gpNuuizfis rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; Vw;Wf;nfhz;lNghJk; gpd;du; mitaidj;JNk epiwNtw;wg;glhj thf;FWjpfshf Gwe;js;sg;gl;lNjhL rpwpyq;fh murpayikg;igf; fhuzq;fhl;b mit iftplg;gl;ld.

,jidj; njhlu;e;J J}a kdpjhgpkhd mbg;gilapy;> ,ay;G epiyiaf; nfhz;LtUtjw;F tlf;F fpof;Ff;fhd cldb Gdu;tho;Tf;fhd cg FO
(Subcommitee for Immediate Rehabilitation of North East- SIHRN) cUthf;fg;gl;lJ. ,Ug;gpDk; ,J rpwpyq;fh murpdhy; nraypof;fr; nra;ag;gl;lJ.

,jidj; njhlu;e;J ehk; jkpo; kf;fspd; cldb kdpjhgpkhdj; NjitfSf;F Kfq;nfhLj;J mLj;j Rw;Wg; Ngr;RfSf;fhd Gwepiyiaj; Njhw;Wtpf;Fk; nghUl;L ,ilf;fhyj; jd;dhl;rp mjpfhu rigf;fhd
(Interim Self Governing Authoriy ISGA) gpNuuiziar; rku;g;gpj;Njhk;.

,t;tpilf;fhyj; jd;dhl;rp mjpfhu rigf;fhd gpNuuizapd; mbg;gilapy; mikjpg; Ngr;Rfis Muk;gpf;f tpUk;ghj md;iwa rpwpyq;fh rdhjpgjp re;jpupfh FkhuJq;f rpwpyq;fh ghuhSkd;wj;ijf; fiyj;jhu;.

,jidj; njhlu;e;J eilngw;w Nju;jypy; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfis jkpo; kf;fspd; Vf gpujpepjpfshf Vw;Wf;nfhz;Lk; mLj;j fl;lg; Ngr;Rf;fSf;fhd mbg;gilahf
ISGA ,id Kd;dpWj;jpAk; Nghl;bapl;l 22 jkpo; gpujpepjpfs; ngUk; ntw;wpaile;jdu;. Mdhy; rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; jkpo; kf;fs; Idehaf topKiwA+lhf ntspg;gLj;jpa tpUg;gpid epuhfupj;J ISGA njhlu;gpy; Ngr;Rfis Nkw;nfhs;s kWj;jJ.

,t;thwhdNjhu; Gwepiyapy; brk;gu; 2004 Mk; Mz;L ,yq;ifj; jPtpid Mopg;Nguiy kpf Nkhrkhfj; jhf;fpaJ. njhlu;e;J te;j ,dg;Nghupdhy; kpfTk; Nkhrkhfg; ghjpf;fg;gl;bUe;j jkpo; kf;fNs ,yq;ifj;jPtpy; Mopg;Nguiyapdhy; mjpfk; ghjpf;fg;gl;ldu;.

Mopg;Nguiy mdu;j;jj;jpy; gy Mapuf;fzf;fhd kf;fs; capupoe;jdu;. gy Mapuf;fzf;fhd kf;fs; mfjpfshf ,lk;ngau;e;jdu;. rpwpyq;fh murhq;fj;jpd; vt;tpj cjtpfSkpd;wpa epiyapy; vkJ ,uhZt rptpy; fl;likg;Gfs; kw;Wk; ru;tNjr cs;ehl;L njhz;lu; mikg;Gfs; jkpou; jhafj;jpy; kpfg;ngupaNjhu; kdpjNea neUf;fbf;F Kfq;nfhLj;J ghuhl;lj;jf;f tifapy; epthuzg; gzpfis Nkw;nfhz;ldu;.

,jpy; vkJ Gyk;ngau;e;j kf;fspd; cjtpNa cldbahf ngUk; kdpjNea neUf;fbf;F Kfq;nfhLf;fj; Jizepd;wJ. Mopg;Nguiyapdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l jkpou; jhafg; gFjpfspy; ru;tNjr cjtpfisg; gfpu;e;jspf;Fk; Nehf;fpy;> ,t;tpaw;if mopT ,lk;ngw;W MW khjq;fspd; gpd;du; Nehu;Nt murpd; mDruizAlDk; ru;tNjr cjtp toq;Fk; mikg;Gfspd; cjtpAlDk; Rdhkpf;Fg; gpd;dhd eltbf;if Kfhikj;Jtf; fl;likg;G
(Post Tsunami Operational Management Structure- PTOMS) cld;gbf;if vl;lg;gl;lJ.

Xu; kdpjNea cjtpf;fhd ,f;fl;likg;Gk; rpwpyq;fh murhq;fj;jhy; murpayikg;igf; fhuzq;fhl;b epuhfupf;fg;gl;lJ. rpwpyq;fhtpy; rl;l gd;ikj;Jtk; ,d;ikapidf; fhl;Ltjhd ,d;ndhU cjhuzkhf ,J mikfpwJ. kdpjhgpkhdk; kpf;f ,e;j ,aw;if mdu;j;j Kfhikj;Jt tplaj;jpw;$l jkpou;fs; ePjp ngwTkpy;iy> rkkhf elj;jg;glTkpy;iy. ,e;j epiyapy;> Mopg;Nguiyapdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l jkpou;fsJ gpur;rpidfisf; ifahs;tjw;F khw;W topKiwfisf; filg;gpbg;gjw;Fg; gjpyhf ru;tNjr r%fNkh> ghjpf;fg;gl;l kf;fis epu;f;fjpapy; tpl;Ltpl;L ntspNawpaJ.

,r; R+oiktpw;jhd; 2005 Mk; Mz;L rpwpyq;fhtpd; jw;Nghija Idhjpgjp kfpe;j uhIgf;r mjpfstpyhd rpq;fs thf;Ffisg; ngw;W rpwpyq;fhtpd; Idhjpgjpahfj; Nju;e;njLf;fg;gl;lhu;.

kfpe;j uh[gf;rtpd; tuTld; jkpou;fSf;nfjpuhd epoy; Aj;jk; KLf;fptplg;gl;lJ. jkpou; Njrj;jpd; ,Uz;l gFjp Muk;gkhdJ. nfh^ukhd nfhiyfs; kw;Wk; fhzhkw;Nghjy;fshy; kf;fs; mr;rkile;jhu;fs;.

rpwpyq;fh murhq;fj;jpd; kdpj cupik kPwy;fis ntspg;gLj;jpa ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu;fs; gLnfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhu;fs;. jkpo; kf;fs; gpujpepjpfs;> gj;jpupifahsu;fs;> khztu;fs;> kdpj cupik Mu;tyu;fs; vd r%fj;jpd; midj;Jg; gpuptpdUk; fhzhkw; Nghjy;fSf;Fk; gLnfhiyfSf;Fk; Kfq;nfhLj;J tUfpd;wdu;.

mur gilfshYk;> Jiz ,uhZtf; FOf;fshYk; jkpo;g; nghJkf;fs; flj;jg;gLtJk; nfhy;yg;gLtJk; njhlUk; epiyapy; murhq;f Mf;fpukpg;Gg; gFjpfs; nfhiyf;fsq;fshf khwptpl;ld. Fwpj;j gFjpfspy; thOk; jkpo;g; nghJkf;fs; ,ay;Gepiyapid ,oe;J mr;rj;jpd; kj;jpapy; jkJ tho;f;ifapid Xl;Lfpwhu;fs;.

nfhiyfs;> fhzhkw;Nghjy;fs;> Jd;GWj;jy;fs; vd;gtw;Wld; rpwpyq;fh murhq;fkhdJ tifnjhifaw;w tpkhdf; Fz;Lj;jhf;Fjy;fisj; jkpou; jhafg; gFjpfspy; elhj;jp tUfpd;wJ.

gpupj;jhdpa fhbad; gj;jpupifapd; Mrpupauhy; Rl;bf;fhl;lg;gl;lijg; Nghy> R+lhdpa murhq;fj;jpidg; NghyNt ,yq;if murhq;fKk; nkUnkLg;gpyhd tpkhdf; Fz;Lj;jhf;Fjy; eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhz;L tUfpwJ.

kf;fs; thoplq;fs;> kUj;Jtkidfs; kw;Wk; ghlrhiyfs; cs;spl;l kf;fs; nrwpe;J thOk; gpuNjrq;fs; kPJ tpkhdf;Fz;Lj; jhf;Fjy;fis Nkw;nfhs;tjhdJ> n[dPth cld;ghL ehd;fpdJ ruj;J 147 ,d; mbg;gilapy; Xu; Nghu; Fw;wkhFk;.

Nghu; epWj;j xg;ge;jj;jpd; ruj;J 1.3 ,w;F Kw;wpYk; Kuzhd tifapy; rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; jkpo; kf;fs; kPJk; mtu;fsJ nrhj;Jf;fs; kPJk; jhf;Fjy;fis elhj;JtNjhL jkpou; jhafj;ijAk; Mf;fpukpj;J epw;fpwJ. ,t;thwhf> Gypfis type;J NghUf;fpOf;Fk; eltbf;iffis rpwpyq;fh muR Nkw;nfhz;lNghJk;> Gypfs; jq;fshy; ,ad;w nghWikapidf; fhg;gNjhL> rpy jw;fhg;Gj; jhf;Fjy;fspy; kl;LNk <Lgl;L te;Js;shu;fs;.

Nkhrkhfpr; nry;Yk; ,e;j epiyapy;jhd; 2006 Mk; Mz;L njhlf;fj;jpy; Nghu; epWj;j cld;gbf;ifapd; KOikahd mKyhf;fk; Fwpj;J Rtpw;ru;yhe;jpd; n[dPth efupy; Ngr;Rf;fs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;ld.

,e;jg; Ngr;Rf;fspd;NghJ Nghu; epWj;j xg;ge;jj;jpid KOikahf eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjhf thf;FWjpaspj;j rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; Jiz ,uhZtf; FOf;fspd; MAjq;fisAk; fistjhff; $wpaJ.

n[dPth Ngr;Rf;fspd; NghJ mur Ngr;Rf;FO toq;fpa thf;FWjpfSf;F Kw;wpYk; Kuzhf> jkpou; jhafg; gFjpfspy; kpfTk; Nkhrkhd ,uhZt eltbf;iffs; fl;ltpo;j;Jtplg;gl;ld.

jkpo;kf;fs; njhlu;e;Jk; nfhy;yg;gl;lhu;fs;> fhzhkw;Nghdhu;fs;. rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; I.ehtpd; ru;tNjr Fbapay; kw;Wk; murpay; cupikfSf;fhd cld;gbf;ifia
(ICCPR:International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights) Vw;Wf;nfhz;Ls;s ehnld;w tifapy; ,f;nfhiyfs; kw;Wk; fhzhkw;Nghjy;fs; njhlu;ghd gf;fr;rhu;gw;w ePjpahd tprhuizfis Nkw;nfhs;sTk; jtwpAs;sJ.

,r;re;ju;g;gj;jpy; ,g;gLnfhiyfs; fhzhkw; Nghjy;fs; Fwpj;J I.eh kdpj cupikfSf;fhd cau;];jhdpfu; Y}ap]; Mgu; kw;Wk; Kd;dhs; I.eh nghJr; nrayhsu; nfhgp mdhd; MfpNahupd; Mo;e;j fupridfisAk; fz;ldq;fisAk; epidTgLj;j ehk; tpUk;Gfpd;Nwhk;.

NkYk; rpwpyq;fh ,uhZtj;jhYk; Jiz ,uhZtf; FOf;fshYk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l my;iyg;gpl;bg; gLnfhiyfSf;fhd rhd;Wfs; jk;kplkpUg;gjhf ru;tNjr kd;dpg;Gr;rig Nk khjk; 2006 Mk; Mz;L ntspapl;l jdJ fz;ld mwpf;ifapy;
(AI Index: ASA 37/014/2006 ) ntspg;gLj;jpaJ.

njhlu;r;rpahf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;L tUk; ,g;gLnfhiyfs; Fwpj;J ru;tNjr r%fk; fhj;jpukhd eltbf;iffis vLf;fj; jtwp> ntWk; mwpf;iffis kl;Lk; ntspapLtjhdJ> jkpou;fsJ gpur;rpid njhlu;gpy; ru;tNjr r%fj;jpd; Neu;ikj;jd;ik kw;Wk; tpidj;jpwd; njhlu;gpy; Nfs;tpapid vOg;gpAs;sJ.

jkpou; jhafg; gFjpfspy; kdpjj;jpw;nfjpuhd Fw;wq;fs; muq;Nfwpf;nfhz;bUf;f> jkpoPo tpLjiyg; GypfNsh> mjpAr;r nghWikAldpUe;jthW Nghu; epWj;j cld;gbf;ifapd; KOikahd mKyhf;fj;ij typAWj;jpdu;. Fwpj;j ,e;jr; R+oiktpy;> ehk; ru;tNjr r%fj;jpd; miog;ig Vw;W kPz;Lk; Rtpw;ru;yhe;jpd; n[dPthtpy; Nehu;NtapdJ mDruizAlDk; Rtp]; murhq;fj;jpdJ Vw;ghl;LlDk; xf;Nuhgu; 2006 ,y; mur J}Jf;FOTld; Ngr;Rfis Nkw;nfhz;Nlhk;. ,g; Ngr;Rfspy; ehk; vkJ mjpAr;r nefpo;Tg; Nghf;ifAk; nghWikiaAk; ntspg;gLj;jpapUe;Njhk;.

aho;. Flhehl;bw;fhd xNu xU jiutopg; ghijahd V-9 ghijapid %b> mq;F ngUk; kdpj mtyk; Vw;gLtjw;F toptFf;fg;gl;bUg;gij ehq;fs; Ngr;Rf;fspd; NghJ Rl;bf; fhl;bNdhk;. mz;zsthf 50>000 MAjg;gilapdu; Mf;fpukpj;J epw;Fk; Flhehl;Lf;fhd ghij %lg;gl;ljd; fhuzkhf> mq;F MW ,yl;rk; nghJkf;fs; jpwe;jntspr; rpiwr;rhiyapDs; milf;fg;gl;ltuhdhu;fs;.

Fwpj;j ,e;j neLQ;rhiyapid jpwf;f mur J}Jf;FOtpdu; cld;gl kWj;jikahdJ Ngr;Rf;fs; Njhy;tpapy; Kbtjw;F toptFj;jJ. ,g;ghij %lg;gl;bUg;gJ Gjpa 'Ngu;spd; Rtupidj;" Njhw;Wtpf;fpd;wJ vd ehk; Rl;bf; fhl;bapUe;Njhk;.

kf;fspd; Rje;jpukhd elkhl;lj;jpw;fhd cupikia kPWfpd;w eltbf;ifahf mike;j V-9 rhiy %lg;gl;lik Aj;j epWj;j cld;gbf;ifiaAk; kPwpAs;sNjhL> mJ nghJkf;fSf;F czT kw;Wk; kUe;Jg;nghUl;fs; nry;tijAk; jLf;fpwJ. Fwpj;jnjhU kf;fSf;F czT kw;Wk; kUe;Jg;nghUl;fs; nry;ytplhky; jLg;gjhdJ ru;tNjr rl;lj;jpid (ruj;J 147) Kw;whf kPWk; nray; vd;gNjhL> jkpo; kf;fSf;fhd mbg;gil trjpfis Vw;gLj;jpf;nfhLg;gij cWjpg;gLj;jj; jtwpaJ.

n[dPth cld;ghL ehd;fpd; ruj;Jf;fs; 55 kw;Wk; 59-63 Mfpatw;iw Kw;whf kPWk; nrayhFk;. ehl;bdJ ,dg;gpur;rpidapidj; jPu;g;gjw;fhd Xu; 'Kf;fpa efu;thf" nfhOk;gpdJ ,uz;L murpay; fl;rpfspd; kj;jpapy; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;l Gupe;Jzu;T cld;ghl;bidf; fhl;Ltjw;F n[dPthtpy; mur J}Jf;FOtpdu; Kide;jhu;fs;. jw;NghJ ,e;j Gupe;Jzu;T xg;ge;jk; nrayw;Wf; fplf;fpwJ. mj;Jld;> ,e;j nrayw;Wg;NghFk; murpay; Kiwik rpwpyq;fhtpw;Fr; Rje;jpuk; fpilj;j ehs;Kjy; mjdJ kf;fSf;F Jd;gj;ijNa tpistpj;J epw;fpwJ.

,d;Wld; Nghu;epWj;j cld;gbf;if jdJ Ie;jhtJ tUlj;ij mjhtJ 1>826 MtJ ehisf; flf;fpd;wJ. Nghu; epWj;j cld;gbf;ifapd; ,ay;G epiyiaf; nfhz;LtUtjw;fhd ruj;J 2 nghJkf;fs; kPjhd rfy Jd;GWj;jy;fSk; ePf;fg;gl;L mtu;fs; kPsTk; jkJ thoplq;fSf;F jpUk;GtijAk; topghl;blq;fs;> ghlrhiyfs; Vida nghJf; fl;llq;fs; Mfpatw;iw nghJkf;fs; gad;gLj;JtijAk; cWjpg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ.

Mdhy;> ,d;Wk; jkpou; jhafj;jpy; %d;wpnyhU kf;fs; tho;tplq;fs; ,uhZtj;jpd; Mf;fpukpg;gpd; fPo; mike;Js;sJ. 3 ,yl;rj;jpw;Fk; Nkw;gl;l kf;fs; mfjp Kfhk;fspy; tho;fpd;wdu;. Nghu;epWj;j cld;gbf;if ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;l gpd;dUk; mjpAr;r ,uhZt eyd;fs; vd;w Nghu;itapy; kf;fis mtu;fspd; thoplq;fspypUe;J type;J ntspNaw;wp njhlu;e;Jk; mt;tplq;fis Mf;fpukpj;J epw;fpd;wJ.

,r;nraw;ghlhdJ nghJkf;fis mtu;fspd; thoplq;fspypUe;J type;J ntspNaw;Wtijj; jLf;Fk; n[dPth cld;gbf;ifapd; ,uz;lhtJ Nkyjpf ,izg;gpd; 17 MtJ ruj;jpid
(Article 17 Geneva Conventions second Additional Protocol 2) kPwpAs;sJ.

NkYk; jiu topg; NghUf;fhd 1907 N`f; cld;gbf;ifapd; 46 MtJ ruj;J
(Article 46 paragraph 2 of the 1907 Hague Convention) nghJ kf;fspd; clikfisg; gwpKjy; nra;tijj; jLf;fpwJ. ,d;W ru;tNjr mikjp cld;gbf;iffSf;fhd Kd;Djhuzq;fshf ,Uf;Fk; nfhNrhNth> ngh];dpah> G&z;b> N[hu;[pah> krpNlhdpah Nghd;w Vida ru;tNjr mikjp cld;gbf;iffs; ,uhZt eyd;fisf; fhuzk; fhl;b ,lk;ngau;e;j kf;fs; jkJ tho;tplq;fSf;Fj; jpUk;gpr; nry;tij kWf;ftpy;iy.

Nghu; epWj;j cld;gbf;if ifr;rhj;jplg;gl;L Ie;J tUlq;fs; G+u;j;jpahfpapUf;Fk; epiyapy; jkpou; jhafj;jpy;> mur gilapduhy; fl;ltpo;j;Jtplg;gl;l kdpj mtyk; vkJ kf;fis ntWg;gpd; tpspk;Gf;Fj; js;spAs;sJ.

Nghu;epWj;j cld;gbf;ifapd; gpd;du; khj;jpuk; jkpou; jhafj;jpy; 1591 w;Fk; Nkw;gl;l jkpo; kf;fs; nfhy;yg;gl;lNjhL 674 Ngu; fhzhkw;NghAs;shu;fs;. cau; ghJfhg;G tyaq;fisf; fhuzq;fhl;b ntspNaw;wg;gl;l 300>000f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l jkpo; kf;fs; ,d;dKk; mfjp Kfhk;fspy; my;yw;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdu;. mijtpl mz;ikapy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l ,uhZt eltbf;iffshy; khj;jpuk; 210>000 kf;fs; ,lk;ngau;e;Js;sdu;.

,t;thwhdNjhu; neUf;fbahd fl;lj;jpy; ru;tNjr r%fj;jpd; eLepyikj; jd;ikahYk; Mf;fG+u;tkhd gq;Fgw;WjyhYNk ePjpahd epiyahd mikjpia jkpou; jhafj;jpy; Vw;gLj;j KbAk;. ,e;j ajhu;j;jj;jpw;F KuzhfTk; gf;fr;rhu;GlDk; nraw;gl;L jkpou; jug;ig khj;jpuk; Xuq;fl;b gytPdg;gLj;j KidtJ> rkhjhd Kidg;Gf;fisr; rpijg;gJld; kl;Lk; epd;WtplhJ> jkpou;fis mlf;Fk; tifapyikAk; rpq;fs murpdJ jpl;lj;ij tYg;gLj;JtjhfNt mikAk;.

Nkhjy;fis KbTf;Ff; nfhz;LtUk; Nehf;fpyike;j ve;jnthU Nghu;epWj;j cld;gbf;ifapdJk; ,Ug;G> ,U jug;gpdJ gil tYr;rkepiyAk; rk me;j];Jk; Ngzg;gLtjpNyNa jq;fpAs;sJ. Mdhy; jkpoPo tpLjiyg; GypfSf;Fk; rpwpyq;fh murhq;fj;Jf;Fk; ,ilapyhd Nghu; epWj;j cld;gbf;ifapy; rk me;j];Jk; tYr;rkepiyAk; Ngzg;gLtij cWjpg;gLj;jNtz;ba Njit czug;gltpy;iy. ,e;jj; Njit> ve;jnthU gpzf;fpidAk; rkhjhd topKiw %yk; jPu;g;gjw;F mtrpakhdjhf fUjg;gLfpwJ.

Nghu; epWj;j cld;gbf;if rpije;J Nghtjw;Fk; mikjpg; Ngr;Rfs; Fok;Gtjw;Fk; ,Jjhd; toptFj;jJ. rpwpyq;fh murpd; gug;Giufisr; nrtpkLj;J Ngr;Rfspy; jkpou; jug;gpd; gpujpepjpfshfg; gq;Fgw;wpa jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfisg; 'gaq;futhjpfs;" vd INuhg;gpa xd;wpak;> fdlh Mfpa ehLfs; mwptpj;jik mikjpg;Ngr;Rf;fspd; Kd;ndLg;ig Nfs;tpf;Fwpahf;fpaJld;> jkpou;fsJ Ra epu;za murpay; Nghuhl;lj;jpid eRf;fp> rpwpyq;fh murhq;fj;jpd; tpl;Lf;nfhlhj ,uhZtj; jPu;it Nehf;fpa efu;it Ntfg;gLj;jpaJ Jujp];ltrkhdNj. rpwpyq;fh murpd; kdpj cupik kPwy;fs;> fl;ltpo;j;J tplg;gl;Ls;s ,uhZt Kidg;Gf;fs; vd;gd Nghu; epWj;j xg;ge;jj;jpid mu;j;jkw;wjhf;fptpl;lJ.

jkpoPo tpLjiyg; GypfNs jkpo; kf;fspd; Vf gpujpepjpfs; vd;gij fle;j nghJj; Nju;jypy; jkpo;j; Njrpaf; $l;likg;gpd; ngUntw;wp %yk; jkpo; kf;fs; [dehaf Kiwapy; ntspg;gLj;jpAs;sdu;.

jkpo; kf;fsJ Raepu;za cupikf;fhd murpay; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; <Lgl;L tUk; ePz;l tuyhw;iwf; nfhz;l jkpoPo tpLjiyg; Gypfs; jkJ kf;fspd; tpLjiyf;fhfg; NghuhbtUk; Xu; Njrpa tpLjiy ,af;fk;. vkJ jiytpjpia ehNk jPu;khdpf;Fk; Ra epu;za cupik nfhz;l kf;fshf tho;tjw;Nf ehk; tpUk;GfpNwhk;.

rpwpyq;fhtpd; ,iwikiaAk; epy xUikg;ghl;ilAk; fhuzq;fhl;b jkpou; jhafj;jpd; ,iwikiaAk; Raepu;za cupikiaAk; kWf;Fk; ru;tNjr r%fj;jpd; epiyg;ghlhdJ jkpo; kf;fis tprdkilar; nra;Js;sJ.

ru;tNjr r%fkhdJ ,ul;il epiyg;ghl;Lld; nraw;gLfpwJ Nghyj; njupfpwJ. mnkupf;fh> gpupj;jhdpah> Nehu;Nt> ,j;jhyp Mfpa ehLfspd; mDruizAld; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l njd; R+lhd; kf;Nfh cld;gbf;if
(Machkos protocols) R+lhdpd; ,iwikiaAk; gpuNjr xUikg;ghl;ilAk; ghjpf;fpd;wJ vd;Nwh> Nru;gpa nkhd;uePf;Nuh cld;gbf;if kw;Wk; nfhNrhNthtpd; vjpu;fhyj;Jf;fhd jPu;khdk; Nru;gpahtpd; ,iwikiaAk; gpuNjr xUikg;ghl;ilAk; ghjpf;fpd;wJ vd;Nwh ru;tNjr r%fj;jhy; epuhfupf;fg;gltpy;iy.

,q;F Fwpj;j ,k;kf;fs; jkJ Raepu;za cupikAlDk; ,iwikAlDk; tho topnra;ag;gl;Ls;sij ehk; Rl;bf;fhl;l tpUk;Gfpd;Nwhk;. vkJ kf;fspd; kdpjhgpkhdg; gpur;rpidfSf;F khj;jpuNk jPu;TfhZk; Nehf;fpy; cUthf;fg;gl;l Nghu; epWj;j cld;gbf;ifiaf; $l KOikahf eilKiwg;gLj;jhJ> epuhfupf;fg;gl;Ls;sikahdJ vkJ kf;fspd; ek;gpf;iffisAk; rkhjhd Kd;ndLg;Gfs; njhlu;ghd mtu;fsJ vjpu;ghu;g;GfisAk; rpijj;Js;sJ. 'gaq;futhjj;jpw;F" vjpuhd Nghnudf; $wpf;nfhz;L> jw;NghJ rpwpyq;fh murhq;fk; Kd;ndLj;JtUk; NghuhdJ xUNghJk; jkpo; kf;fis mbikg;gLj;jptplhJ.

,j;Jld;> ,e;j Kidg;Gf;fs; ,yq;ifj; jPtpdJ ,dg;gpur;rpidf;F xU ePjpahd jPu;itAk; xUNghJk; Vw;gLj;jptplhJ. khwhf> Raepu;za cupik nfhz;l ,iwikAs;s kf;fshf tho;tjw;fhd tpLjiyg; Nghuhl;lg; ghijapy; jkpo; kf;fis ,l;Lr; nry;tjw;Nf ,J toptFf;Fk;."

,t;thW me;j mwpf;ifapy; njuptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.


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