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mZthAj gupNrhjid %ykhf tlnfhupah Nkw;Fyf ehLfSf;F czu;j;j Kw;gl;Ls;s 'nra;jp"
Date&Written by:(14.10.2006- Sky Walker)

tlnfhupah> fle;j thuk; jhd; Nkw;nfhz;l mZthAj gupNrhjidapd; %yk; mtkjpg;igNah jdJ ,iwik kPwg;gLtijNah Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;Nghtjpy;iy vd;gij ru;tNjr r%fj;jpw;F typAWj;jpAs;sJ.

KOikahd ,uhZt eltbf;ifapy; Njhw;gjw;Fj; jahupy;iy vd;gijAk; mJ mZthAj gupNrhjid %yk; njuptpj;Js;sJ.

vdpDk;> ,jw;F khwhf tlnfhupahtpd; ,e;j eltbf;if ru;tNjr mikjpf;F vjpuhdjhfTk; MAj Nghl;bia Mrpahtpy; cUthf;ff; $bajhfTk; rpj;jpupf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.

,uz;lhk; cyf Aj;jj;jpw;Fg; gpd;du; [g;ghdpypUe;J ehL flj;jg;gl;l Mapuf;fzf;fhd nfhupa njhopyhsu;fs; nfhupa tisFlhtpd; tlgFjpf;F te;J Nru;e;jdu;. mg;gFjp mt;Ntis Nrhtpaj;jpd; fl;Lg;ghl;bd; fPo; fhzg;gl;lJ.

,tu;fspy; gyu; `pNuhrpkhtpYk; ehfrhfpapYk; gzp Gupe;jtu;fs;. 1945 Mf];by; mnkupf;fh mZFz;L tPr;rpid Nkw;nfhz;l Ntis mq;fpUe;jtu;fspy; gyu; mnkupf;fhtplk; cs;s me;jg; NguopT MAjk; gw;wpa fijfisf; nfhz;L te;jpUe;jdu;.

nfhupa Aj;jj;jpd;NghJ mZthAjq;fs; Fwpj;J mr;rk; mjpfupj;J fhzg;gl;lJ.

mnkupf;fh 1950 Mk; Mz;L brk;gu; xd;gjhk; jpfjp tlnfhupahTf;F vjpuhf mZFz;Lj; jhf;Fjiy Nkw;nfhs;sj; jpl;lkpl;bUe;jJ. mnkupf;f ,uhZtj; jsgjp n[duy; lf;s]; kf;Mu;ju;> tlnfhupah ,uhZtj;jpdJk; mjd; rPd rfhf;fspdJk; Kd;Ndw;wj;ij jLg;gjw;fhf tlnfhupah kPJ 26 MZFz;Lfis tPRtjw;fhd ,yf;Ffisj; njupT nra;J itj;jpUe;jhu;.

tlnfhupah ,jd;gpwNf mZthAjq;fs; Fwpj;J jPtpukhf rpe;jpf;fj; njhlq;fpaJ. mnkupf;fhtpd; ,uhZt mr;RWj;jiy vjpu;nfhs;tjw;fhf tlnfhupah mZthAjq;fs; jdf;F mtrpak; vdf; fUjpaJ.

1998 ,y; tlnfhupahtpypUe;J njd; nfhupahTf;F jg;gpr; nrd;w thq; aq;nahg; vDk; caujpfhup tlnfhupahtpd; mZthAj je;jpNuhghaj;ij ,t;thW tpgupj;jpUe;jhu;.

'njd;nfhupah Aj;jj;ij Muk;gpj;jhy; tlnfhupah mZthAjq;fisg; gad;gLj;Jk;. mnkupf;fhTk; ,e;j Aj;jj;jpy; ,ize;J nfhs;tijj; jLg;gjw;fhf [g;ghidAk; tlnfhupah jhf;Fk;."

nfhupa Aj;jpw;F rpy tUlq;fSf;F gpd;dNu tlnfhupah jdJ mZthAj Muha;r;rpia Muk;gpj;jpUe;jJ.

nkh];Nfhtpw;F mUfpy; cs;s Lg;dh efupy; 1956 ,y; cUthf;fg;gl;l If;fpa mZ Muha;r;rp epWtfk; Nrhryp\ ehLfis tpQ;Qhd Muha;r;rpia Nkw;nfhs;tjw;fhd jskhf tpsq;fpaJ. tlnfhupahTk; ,jpy; cWg;Gupik ngw;wpUe;jJ.

1965 ,y; tlnfhupa jiyefUf;F mUfpYs;s gFjpapy; tl nfhupahtpd; KjyhtJ mZ Muha;r;rp epWtdk; nraw;gl Muk;gpj;jJ. ,jw;Fk; Nrhtpaj; A+dpaNd MjuT toq;fpaJ.

,f;fhyg; gFjpapNyNa jdJ nrhe;j mZrf;jpia cUthf;Ftjw;fhd Kaw;rpfspy; tl nfhupah jPtpu Mu;tk; fhl;lj; njhlq;fpapUe;jJ.

1960> 70 fspy; nkh];Nfhtpy; 300 ,w;Fk; Nkw;gl;l tl nfhupa mZrf;jp tpQ;Qhdpfs; gapw;Wtpf;fg;gl;Ls;sdu;.

1991 ,y; Nrhtpaj;jpd; tPo;r;rpAld; ,e;jg; gapw;rpfs; Kbtpw;F te;j NghjpYk; 1990 fspy; fpof;F N[u;kdp kw;Wk; u\;a tpQ;Qhdpfs; gyu; njhlu;e;Jk; tl nfhupahTld; ,ize;J jdpg;gl;l uPjpapy; nraw;gl;Ls;sdu;.

1992 Mk; Mz;L u\;ahtpd; mg;Nghija ghJfhg;G mikr;ru; tpf;lu; gudpnfht; 64 u\;a VTfiz epGzu;fs; %d;whk; cyf ehnlhd;wpw;F nry;ytpUe;jij jLj;J epWj;jpAs;sjhff; Fwpg;gpl;bUe;jhu;.

,uhZt Nehf;fq;fSf;fhf Fwpg;ghf mZthAjq;fisf; nfhz;L nry;yf; $ba VTfiz epiyfis cUthf;Ftjw;fhf Fwpg;gpl;l tpQ;Qhdpfisg; ngWtjw;fhd Kaw;rpapy; me;j ehL <Lgl;lJ vdTk; mtu; Fwpg;gpl;bUe;jhu;.

ghJfhg;G mikr;ru; Fwpg;gpl;l Mrpa ehL vJntd Fwpg;gplhtpl;lhYk; u\;a nra;jpahsu;fs; me;j ehL tl nfhupah vd;gij gpd;G fz;L gpbj;jdu;.

mZ ciyfs; njhlu;ghd njhopy; El;gj;ij ngWk; Kaw;rpapy;
vdpDk;> jw;NghJ Nrhtpaj; A+dpadpy; mq;fk; tfpj;j ehLfsplkpUe;J tl nfhupahtpw;F cjtpfs; vJTk; fpilg;gjpy;iy.

tlnfhupahtpw;F NtW rfhf;fSk; cs;sdu;. ANudpaj;ij gjg;gLj;Jk; njhopy; El;gj;ij ghfp];jhdplkpUe;Nj tl nfhupah ngw;Ws;sJ.

gy tUlq;fshf ghfp];jhd;> tlnfhupahTld; ,e;j tptfhuj;jpy; cs;s njhlu;ig fLikahf kWj;J te;Js;sJ.

vdpDk;> mnkupf;f mjpfhupfs; ghfp];jhd; njhopy; El;gj;ijNa tl nfhupah gad;gLj;Jfpd;wJ vd;w Fw;wr; rhl;il Mzpj;jukhf Kd;itj;J te;jdu;.

mf;Nlhgu; 2003 ,y; ghfp];jhd; tpku;rfu; xUtu; jdJ ehL mZ Kfg;Gfisg; gad;gLj;Jk; njhopy; El;gj;jpw;fhf mZthAj njhopy; El;gj;jpid tl nfhupahtpw;F toq;fpaJ vdf; Fwpg;gpl;bUe;jhu;. vdpDk;> 1998 [_d; Vohk; jpfjp ,lk; ngw;w gLnfhiynahd;Nw ,U ehLfSf;Fk; ,ilNa ,e;j tptfhuj;jpy; cs;s njhlu;ig ngUkstpw;F ntspg;gLj;jpaJ.

ghfp];jhd; jiy efupy; tl nfhupahtpd; %j;j ,uh[je;jpupnahUtupd; kidtp Rl;Lf; nfhy;yg;gl;bUe;jhu;.

Fwpg;gpl;l ,uh[je;jpup ,jw;F rpy thuq;fSf;Fg; gpd;du; jiykiwthfpapUe;jhu;. ,J Fwpj;j tprhuizfs; jPtpukile;j NtisapNyNa Fwpg;gpl;l ,uh[je;jpupAk; mtuJ kidtpAk; ghfp];jhdpd; mZthAjj;jpd; je;ij vd miof;fg;gl;l mg;Jy; fhjPu;`hDld; neUf;fkhd cwTfisf; nfhz;bUe;jik njupa te;jJ.

ghfp];jhd; jdJ mZ Fz;bid gupNrhjid nra;J xU thu fhyj;jpw;Fs; ,e;jf; nfhiy ,lk;ngw;wpUe;jJ. nfhiyf;fhd fhuzk; njupa te;jNghJ ,uh[je;jpu tl;lhuq;fs; NkYk; mjpu;r;rpaile;jd.

mnkupf;fhtpd; rp.I.V. nfhy;yg;gl;l ngz;kzpAld; njhlu;Gfis Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhz;L tl nfhupahtpdJk; ghfp];jhdpdJk; ,ufrpa njhlu;Gfs; gw;wp mwpa Kad;wik njupa te;jJ.

,jid mwpe;j ghfp];jhdpa Gydha;T mikg;Gfs;> tl nfhupa mjpfhupfis c\hu;gLj;jpAs;sdu;. mtu;fNs ,f;nfhiy nra;jdu;. vdpDk;> gy tUlq;fSf;Fg; gpd;du; ghfp];jhd; tl nfhupah mZthAj njhopy;El;gj;ijg; ngWk; cz;ikia Vw;Wf; nfhz;lJ.

2004 [dtup 23 ,y; ghfp];jhd; [dhjpgjp jdJ ehl;bd; tpQ;Qhdpfs; jdpg;gl;l eyd;fSf;fhf mZj; njhopy; El;gj;ij gpw ehLfSf;F toq;fpaij Vw;Wf;nfhz;lhu;.

vdpDk;> murhq;fj;jpw;F ,J njupahJ vdf; Fwpg;gpl;lhu;. ,NjNtis> ghfp];jhdpd; mZthAjj;jpd; je;ij njhlu;e;Jk; tPl;Lf;fhtypy; itf;fg;gl;Ls;shu;.

fle;j rpy tUlq;fspy; mZthAjq;fisg; ngw;W tpl Ntz;Lk; vd tl nfhupah jPtpu Mu;tk; fhl;baikf;F kpf Kf;fpakhd fhuzk; cs;sJ.

tl nfhupah jhd; ,d;DnkhU <uhf;fhf khWk; mghaj;ijj; jtpu;g;gjw;fhfNt mZthAjj;ijg; ngw Kad;wJ. mZthAjg; gupNrhjidia Nkw;nfhs;sTs;sjhf mf;Nlhgu; %d;whk; jpfjp tl nfhupah mwptpj;jJ.

ek;gj;jFe;j Aj;jg; ghJfhg;G ,y;yhj kf;fs; Jaukhd kuzj;ij re;jpg;ghu;fs;. mtu;fsJ ehl;bd; ,iwik Ntz;Lnkd;Nw kPwg;gLk;. cyfpd; gy gFjpfspy; fhzg;gLk; fhl;Lj;ju;ghu; %yk; ngUf;nfLf;Fk; ,uj;j MW czu;j;jpAs;s cz;ik ,Jntd me;j mwptpg;gpy; njuptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

2002 [dtup 29 Mk; jpfjp mnkupf;f [dhjpgjp N[hu;[;. lgps;A+. G\;> <uhf;> <uhd;> tl nfhupah Mfpa ehLfis jPikapd; mr;R vdTk; mnkupf;fhtpd; ghJfhg;gpw;F Mgj;jhdit vdTk; Fwpg;gpl;lhu;.

Ie;J tUlq;fSf;F Kd;du; N[hu;[; lgps;A+. G\; gjtpNaw;w Ntis tl nfhupah mZthAj ehLfspy; xd;whf tpsq;ftpy;iy. mjd; GSl;Nlhdpak; nrwpTgLj;Jk; epiyfs; %lg;gl;bUe;jd. VTfizj; jpl;lk; Fwpj;j Ngr;Rthu;j;ijfis Nkw;nfhs;sTk; mJ jahuhf ,Ue;jJ.

vdpDk;> G\; epu;thfk; ,uh[je;jpu toptiffis gpd;gw;Wtjw;F gjpy; tl nfhupahitg; Gwf;fzpf;f Kad;wJ. gpd;du; jPikapd; mr;R vd tu;zpj;jJ. ,it ahtw;whYk; gad; ,y;iy vd;gij czu;e;j NghJ tl nfhupah ANudpaj;ijg; gjg;gLj;Jtjhff; Fw;wk; rhl;baJ. ,JNt 1994 Mk; Mz;L xg;ge;jk; nraypoe;J Nghtjw;Ff; fhuzkhf mike;jJ. NkYk; th\pq;ld; tl nfhupahit nghUshjhuj; jilfs; Clhf eRf;f Kad;wJ.

vdpDk;> tl nfhupah mOtjw;Nfh> mlq;Ftjw;Nfh kWj;Js;sJ. jdJ jw;Nghija mZthAjg; gupNrhjid %yk; jd;dhy; G\; epu;thfj;ijg; Nghy; gpbthjkhf ,Uf;f KbAk; vd;gijg; Gyg;gLj;jpAs;sJ.

tl nfhupahtpd; rkPgj;ija gupNrhjid G\; epu;thfj;jpd; fzpg;Gfs; mbg;gilapy; gpioahdit vd;gijg; Gyg;gLj;jpAs;sJ. G\; epu;thfk; jdJ fle;j fhy jtWfspypUe;J ghlk; fw;ftpy;iy vd;fpd;wdu; Ma;thsu;fs;.

G\; epu;thfk; tl nfhupahit nghWj;jtiu jdJ Ke;ija epu;thfq;fs; gpd;gw;wpa mNj nfhs;ifia gpd;gw;Wfpd;wJ.

tlnfhupahit fpof;F INuhg;gh vd;w fz;zhbA+lhf ghu;f;fpd;wJ. Vida fpof;F INuhg;gpa fk;A+dp];l; murhq;fq;fs; Nghy rpwpa mOj;jj;JlNdNa tl nfhupah tpOk; vd th\pq;ld; vjpu;ghu;j;jJ. vdpDk;> tl nfhupah vjpu;j;Jj; jhf;Fg;gpbg;gjw;fhd ghupa jpwid ntspg;gLj;jpaJ. Nrhtpaj;jpd; tPo;r;rp fLk; tWik> G\; epu;thfj;jpd; je;jpNuhghaq;fs; Nghd;wtw;iw mJ ntw;wpfukhf vjpu;nfhz;Ls;sJ.

tl nfhupah G+id> vyp tpisahl;L Fwpj;J mjpUg;jpaile;Js;sJ. mJ jd;dplKs;s cyfk; mjdplKs;sjhf epidf;Fk; mZthAj jpl;lj;ij mbg;gilahf itj;J mnkupf;fhitAk; mjd; rfhf;fisAk; jdJ tpUg;gjpw;F ,zq;f itf;f Kaw;rpf;fpd;wJ.

fle;j ehd;F tUlq;fshf tl nfhupah filg;gpbj;j nfhs;ifapd; ntspg;ghNl ,e;j mZthAj gupNrhjid. mnkupf;fhtpd; jhf;Fjiy vjpu;nfhs;s mJ mZj;jpl;lj;ij cUthf;fpAs;sJ. vdpDk;> tu;j;jf me;j];J> epjp Nghd;wtw;wpw;fhf mJ jdJ mZthAj jpl;lj;jpid ,ilepWj;jpaJ. mNjNtis> rpy vjpu;fhy mr;RWj;jiy fUj;jpy; nfhz;L gjg;gLj;jg;gl;l GSl;Nlhdpaj;ij iftrk; itj;jpUe;jJ. 2002 ,y; Vw;fdNt Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;l eilKiwfs; Njhw;wTld; mJ jdJ je;jpNuhghaj;ij khw;wp mZthAjk; jd;dplKs;sij mwptpj;jJ.

vdpDk;> G\; epu;thfk; njhlu;e;Jk; myl;rpak; nra;aNt [_iyapy; VTfizg; gupNrhjidia Nkw;nfhz;lJ.

,jd; %yKk; mnkupf;fh Neub Ngr;Rthu;j;ijf;F tUtjw;F kWf;fNt kPz;Lk; mZthAj gupNrhjid ,lk;ngw;Ws;sJ.


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